Victorian Art & Design
William Morris and the Kelmscott Press, Burne-Jones and the Kelmscott Chaucer

Morris was very dissatisfied with the design of Victorian books. In 1888 he decided to design his own typeface. He based it on the type of the Renaissance printer, Nicholas Jenson and he called it the Golden Type. In 1891 he set up his Kelmscott Press. He printed most of his books on handmade paper but a few copies were printed on vellum. He took great care in the arrangement of the letters and the width of the margins and borders. Look at the title page on the left. The inner border is narrower than the outer one and the bottom border is deeper than the top one. 
    Later Morris designed another typeface called the Troy Type. It was a 'gothic' medieval looking type. He designed a smaller 12 point version of it called the Chaucer Type. He used this to print the Kelmscott Chaucer, the complete works of England's first poet, Geoffrey Chaucer. This book had 87 wood engravings designed by Burne-Jones. Each picture had a narrow frame and a full page decorative border by Morris. Shown below is the picture of Hero and Leander.

Pictures of Kelmscott Press items on Morris Society website
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